Uncovering Diabetes – The Mother of The Diseases of Civilization

For my first article on EzineArticles I want to jump straight into the cauldron and try to disseminate some truth about a disease that is by far the biggest modern day killer of mankind, diabetes. You might well already be sitting there now tutting, shaking your head and thinking that heart disease, cancer and obesity are the biggest killers and I can only agree with you, they are, which is exactly why I thought that it had to be this topic that I write about first because diabetes is a disease that is so mired in untruths, confusion and frankly covered in bovine faces, the truth needs to told as clearly and directly as possible.

I will begin with a gentle, historical introduction, although this will soon give way to details of a deadly cover-up and scandal affecting hundreds of millions worldwide. Often diabetes is categorized as a chronic auto-immune disease, which basically means it is incurable, with the body attacking itself, which for the vast majority of cases is absolutely nonsense. Everyone needs to know the truth about this disease, although sadly the truth will be of little comfort to those already suffering from the disease, although it can help with an effective strategy in dealing with the disease before it erupts into a chronic, deadly symptom. That word ‘symptom’ might cause some confusion, as there is a very clear symptomatic set of illnesses that diabetes is the ultimate aetiology (cause) of. Diabetes in itself is only the first step down a long road of illness, a road that need never have been travelled down. All of which will be made perfectly clear after an historical introduction to the disease.

Diabetes mellitus is a disease that prevents any, or enough insulin being produced or used properly. Insulin is produced in the pancreas, being required to turn sugar and other foods into energy for use by cells, tissues, muscles and organs, for all the various bodily functions. Without insulin, blood sugar levels get dangerously high, leading to a number of complications.

The word diabetes comes from the Greek, diabainen, meaning to straddle, or to siphon, due to the excessive urination associated with diabetes, which is sweet, hence its name mellitus, Latin for sweet or honey, added to its name in 1676. It was recognised as a chronic (incurable) disease by the ancient Egyptians, Chinese, Greeks, Indians and Romans, with its name in the various languages translated as ‘sweet piss’. The Indian physician Sushrata, in the 6th century BC, associated it with a lack of exercise and obesity. Galen, a second century disciple of Hippocrates, only ever saw two cases, with Hippocrates making no mention of it, possibly as he never saw any cases. The Persian Avicenna (980-1037) recognised two distinct types and treated it with a mixture of lupine, zedoary seed and fenugreek, which is still prescribed today throughout Asia. The Egyptian Maimonides (1135-1204) mentions it is very rare in the colder parts of Europe and more frequent in warmer Africa, where he had 20 cases in 10 years. So therefore its occurrence can be said to be rare historically.

The word diabetes first appeared in English literature in 1425 and the word insulin, was first used by Sir Edward Sharpey-Schafer in 1910, derived from the Latin insula, meaning an island, a reference to the Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas where insulin is produced (which sounds like a great scenic place for a picnic!). Sir Frederick Grant Banting won the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1923 for his work on insulin’s role, giving all patents attached to his discoveries freely to the world, so as to not put a cost on health. World Diabetes Day every year is deservedly called Banting Day in his honour and memory. It’s just a shame that the truth about this disease has been all but fully covered up since this time and what should have been freely available has made trillions for the pharmaceutical industry.

Diabetes was still so rare at the turn of the 20th century, it was considered no more than a curiosity, accounting for only 0.0028% of all deaths in the United States. Today, over 10% of the US population are on prescribed medication for diabetes, another 10% who have diabetes are considered to have it ‘under control’ requiring no medication and another 30% who show pre-onset symptoms (which equals an incredible 50%). According to some claims it is already responsible for up to 40% of all deaths in the US, although CVD and cancer are already responsible for 80% of all deaths. Which makes 120%! How is this possible? Well here begins what can only be termed a conspiracy. Please don’t go thinking this word conspiracy has anything to do anti-establishment, anarchists or left-wing, dope smoking environmentalists, it actually means to ‘breathe together’ and implies any collusion of individuals or industries and with diabetes there has certainly been a significant conspiracy.

In the 1950s when Type 2 diabetes was first recognised, it was known as Adult Onset Diabetes, or Insulin Resistant Diabetes, or Hyperinsulinemia. It was seen as a major risk factor, even back then, for all the following – Atherosclerosis, various Vascular diseases, Heart disease, Stroke, ADHD, Liver damage, Impotence, Kidney failure, various Cancers, Obesity, Retinopathy and Gangrene. Today we can add to this list, systemic Candida, poor wound Healing, Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. Even n the 1930s, all these diseases were seen as symptoms of diabetes. Which is the same as saying these diseases are caused by diabetes. Why is this still not true?

A major reason for this would be that in 1949 the U.S restructured its medical agenda. One of the results of this was the splitting of the symptom sets from diabetes, all to be treated as separate diseases. Thereafter, if a patient displayed a symptom set from diabetes that was a heart disease, the patient was ascribed to a heart specialist, if death resulted whilst seeing this specialist, death would be recorded as heart failure. If the diabetes had caused a problem with the kidneys, the patient would be under the auspices of a kidney specialist, similarly if death occurs whilst seeing this specialist, the death is recorded as kidney failure. If cancer was the result of diabetes the patient would be seen by an oncologist and if death was the result cancer was recorded as the cause of death. This is what is known as the “death certificate shuffle’, used to distort the real causes of death.

This took the onus away from diabetes being blamed. Diabetes in the 1930s, was known to be caused by excessive carbohydrate ingestion. Dr Sokoloff in the 1940s clearly saw that diabetes was as a result of carbohydrates forming too high a proportion of the diet. Nothing has changed since then, apart from now we have what can only be termed super-carbohydrates, with a diet that for the vast majority involves eating predominately refined carbohydrates. Sugar and glucose forming dietary inputs definitely do cause an increase in blood sugar, unlike consumption of many saturated fats (such as coconut and grass-fed butter), which does not make us fat, just as the consumption of green vegetables does not make us green. Which of course directly points the finger of blame at the food supply as being the ultimate cause of these deaths recorded as heart or kidney failure. All are complications resulting from the consumption of an inappropriate diet, with a light shining brightly on sugar.

Obesity is the easiest of the entire range of the diseases of civilization (which also includes cancer, heart disease, dementia, depression, ADD and many more) to not only identify visually but also to cure (eat less, move more). It is also unanimously agreed upon as being a result of a poor diet. Today, most of the other diseases of civilization are enshrouded in mystery, both about the causes and cures. In the second decade of the twenty first century, we are less clear about disease than we were in the second decade of the twentieth century.

All of the above clearly implicates diet as being the aetiology of diabetes, Type 2 that is, as Type 1, which affects less than 3% of diabetics (a percentage that is getting lower as more and more people succumb to Type 2) is predominately heritable, although as more research is undertaken, factors such as formula milk, cows milk and artificial sweeteners will be shown to be risk factors also. Here’s where the conspiracy comes into play and the confusion begins to creep in, as it is uncertain whether the knowledge has been downplayed as a direct consequence of the meddling from the food and pharmaceutical industries, or whether it’s just a coincidence and that when discovered it was kept quiet. I feel certain that the sugar industry has a huge part to play in this as it is of course sugar that can unarguably be a major risk factor in any raising of the blood sugar levels (I will discuss sugar and The Sugar Association in a future article on EzineArticles). Although sugar is not alone, as unbeknown to most of the public, consumption of white flour, white rice, milk and meat also raises the blood sugar levels. Incredibly 80% of the modern diet involves these processed foods, so a raise in blood sugar levels is inevitable with consumption of a modern diet.

The average adult bloodstream has roughly as much glucose as that found in a teaspoon of sugar. If diabetic, this means the bloodstream has another quarter of a teaspoon of sugar in the bloodstream, that’s it. This causes the classic symptoms of diabetes to occur – polyuria (frequent, often sweet urination); polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger). This little bit of extra sugar causes these, all in an attempt to eliminate and dilute the excess glucose. Is there any surprise that this delicate balance of blood sugar is out of balance considering the dietary input of today? The average consumption is well over a kilogram everyday of unnecessary and detrimental processed flour, sugar and milk (or a third of a ton a year), much more for many. As diabetes is defined by this increased blood sugar level, there should never have been any confusion about where the blame lies for any increase in the rates of Type 2 diabetes. Incredibly such a simple answer has been deliberately covered-up and there is no doubt about it that this basic information has been manipulated by the food and pharmaceutical industries, with collusion from the governments as one only has to consider the etymology of the word government to understand the true role of a government. Govern means to control and ment refers to mental, the true etymology of which means ‘control your mind’ and ‘to steer mankind’.

The financial implications of dividing the symptom sets had to have been recognised in 1949, as it requires far more staff and finances to run a diabetes ward if this required caring for those suffering from cancer, heart disease, depression, obesity, pancreatic, liver and kidney problems, amounting to 7 wards worth of illnesses, with 7 times the funds required and 7X the number of drugs administered. The logic has become blurred and the initial knowledge that all these illnesses stem from the same dietary imbalance has been lost, replaced with mysterious diseases with little understanding as to how they originate and certainly confusion and ignorance about how to cure them, to such an extent that many of them simply get labelled as incurable, with a whole lifetime’s worth of medication required.

Just consider the fact that it is accepted that there is a significant incubation period before these diseases manifest as the incurable diseases they become. This incubation period is no less than the years of eating an inappropriate diet, rich in the processed 6 Deadly Whites (sugar, flour, milk, fats/oils, salt and rice), finally catching up and displaying as cancer, heart disease, depression or obesity. Today, diabetes is seen as a separate disease when in actual fact it is not only the very same disease, it is the mother of the other diseases. Of course the preponderance of carcinogens in intimate contact with us everyday has gone through the roof since the 1930s, making it easy to view cancer as a separate disease, but still in most instances of cancer, if the individuals bodily system was not constantly plagued with excessive blood sugar levels the cancer could not have proliferated, as this increase in blood sugar is the very fuel cancer cells crave and as carcinogens are today omnipresent it’s not hard to see why cancer is so prevalent. In individuals whose diet consists mainly of vegetables and whose sugar intake is very low, as is their consumption of processed foods, is it a coincidence that cancer incidence amongst such groups is extremely low? Of course it bloody isn’t a coincidence, it’s the very reason they don’t suffer from cancer, simply because the blood sugar levels are as they should be.

The truth was glimpsed at during the 1960s, when the University Group Diabetic Program (UGDP) looked at what the outcomes were of the differences in varying approaches to dealing with diabetes. Divided into groups, either given insulin in a fixed amount or in varying doses; a group was given the best selling drug at the time, Tolbutamide (later Phenformin also used) and a group who were given merely a placebo. Before the experiment was due to end, Tolbutamide had to be withdrawn as too many of the group taking it had died! The end result was that there was no real differences between the groups (apart from the mortality). Management by diet had worked as effectively, if not better than any of the treatments. The results of this program were not shouted about very loudly, if at all. Getting just a little too close to the bone for the likes of the pharmaceutical industry. If cancer can be seen as a fraud by many leading medical practitioners, then diabetes is one huge step further down the line of deception and trickery, it is nothing but an outright scandal.

It is as a direct consequence of eating the food supplied by the food industry that causes, for the majority of the industrialized world, a glucose imbalance associated with the rise in the incidence of diabetes. It is this glucose imbalance that causes the majority of diseases. When there is an interference with the glucose delivery to the eyes for instance, they can fail, which is the biggest cause of blindness worldwide. The same applies to any change in the glucose in the heart cells, if this runs out, so does the heart. Just as for the brain, a state of affairs that is applicable to many of the dementia type diseases and depression.

The world is addicted to sugar and it is this addiction to sugar that has been a major contributory factor regarding the diseases of civilization. Today, with 80% of the diet being derived from the deadly processed whites, all acting the same as sugar, the result can only be increased blood sugar. Demanding more and more insulin, more than has ever been demanded in the whole of human history. Compounded by the rest of the diet, which is about as bad as that ever encountered by Homo throughout evolution.

In the 60 years since this division of diabetes into its different symptomatic fields, the knowledge of such a division has somehow been ‘lost’. As each of the fields began to see more and more patients, they all began to be seen as distinct entities. By letting diabetes run its course and continuing to allow the population to eat substandard processed foods, the symptom sets have run riot. This paved the way for several arms of medicine to be established. Whether done intentionally or not, there was an awful lot of cash involved in this division. It also allowed these new separate medical branches to distance themselves from the inconvenient truth of diet being a possible answer. All the medical industry wants to do is dish out as many prescriptions as possible, certainly not recipes, dietary and nutritional tips. This is because health and the medical world has been completely taken over by the pharmaceutical industry and the only interest of any industry is to make profits. In fact corporate law dictates that the only remit of a corporation is to guarantee profits to shareholders. Which doesn’t sound so healthy does it?

This also meant that the food industry was free to continue with its endless production of unhealthy foods. Which was good news for them, as this was where the real money was, in all their processed rubbish. Making it possible for the industry to distance itself further from the problematic, uneconomic, short shelf-life and low mileage that is fresh produce, the ultimate source of health.

Health, contrary to popular belief, is not defined as an avoidance of cancer, heart disease, obesity or many of the other diseases of civilization. What health equals is homeostasis. This is the key, as this balance is critical. The biggest adverse effect on our homeostasis is in the direct inputs that come into contact with our organism. Of which, food plays by far the largest role, followed by the daily ingestion of drugs, we have been repeatedly told are making us better, even though more and more of us are actually getting sicker at a younger age.

As the majority of the population eat a diet that is predominately sourced from the processed Deadly Whites, it stands to reason that the majority can be considered diabetic. This erroneous diet causes constant irregularities in the blood sugar levels and insulin production. It has to be food and pharmaceuticals that are the greatest threat to the general public, particularly as we willingly and happily pay for the privilege of self-administering, such detrimental food and medicine.

There is an increasing amount of research that implicates the medication itself is not only making diabetes worse, it also makes the condition chronic, meaning irreversible (as is the case with many of these diseases of civilization). For instance, many diabetic drugs actually stimulate the damaged pancreas to create more insulin, resulting in a loss of the insulin-secreting beta cells, making the diabetes worse. The beta cells are also damaged by many of the drugs, resulting in the condition becoming increasingly more irreversible the longer the drugs are taken (these beta cells are also irreparably damaged by sweeteners such as aspartame, which will be fully discussed in a future article). Diabetic drugs also increase fat storage and cause weight gain (as the drugs have to do something with the glucose in the blood, usually turning it into fat). Type 2, hypoglycaemic drugs, have been shown to accelerate degenerative diseases, so far the retina and atherosclerosis have confirmed links, other diseases of civilization will soon be added to this list. Insulin injections only compound the negative effect, preventing natural insulin production, easily leading to a situation of excessive insulin coursing around the body. Cancer can take hold where there has been too much unused insulin coming into contact with cells, damaging the cells, encouraging cancer growth.

This is as brief as I could make it. All you can do to prevent diabetes and many of the diseases of civilization is to eat more healthily; eating as many organic vegetables as possible, especially those with the worst incidence of agricultural chemical contamination (such as potatoes, carrots, apples, peaches and broccoli) and do more exercise. These agricultural chemicals will have to be the next ezinearticle I write, because if this article has shocked you, the role of agricultural chemicals in illness and devolution is beyond belief and thoroughly depressing, so I need to find some light and strength to venture down that dark, dirty path.

Healthy food and exercise are the simplest of answers, answers that will help to begin the revolution. A revolution that not only the human race is waiting for, so is the animal kingdom and Gaia. If there is no change the only answer will be devolution of humans, as well as the death of the entire planetary biosphere as we continue living a life disconnected from other humans and Mother Nature.

Secret Principles of Immortality, Edition 7

In previous articles I have mentioned how the subject may implicate herbal magic or sexuality, but that the portrayal of a Chinese peasant may be misleading, even if it is the most accurate form of folk legend; Clearly, it seems, herbal magic or sexuality would work for this especial peasant, although it may be the opposite of the desirable thing for a large number of Americans; For example, speaking of potent medicines, marijuana is said to promote paranoia and addictive behaviors, which are unsuitable to the kind of rational pragmatic existence required for immortality; Mushrooms have long been understood to convey health or hallucinations, but kills those who are not knowledgeable of the correct mushroom to pick; Mint leaves may mean wealth to some people, but its more common application is as a very mild kind of tea; Certainly what these initial perspectives suggest is that herbal magic can have no superstitions of miracle; If there is a remedy for immortality that is not rare or happenstantial, it occurs only gradually, during a period in which the person would already have attained what some would call immortality; In other words, herbs must have real properties to have any effect, and as such they are ‘supplements’ not ‘panaceas'; As a side note, it is worth noting that rarely has ambergris been referred to as a panacea; That should be warning enough, if anyone has the opportunity to indulge;

But these pretensions of the weakness of medicine do not mean that health is not a factor in determining long life; But it is clear from the failures of many potent drugs, that health and medicine together are not enough to convey the properties of long life; With an admonition about unhealthy living as doctors used to give to the many that died of unhealthy living, it is sufficient at this point to redirect the dialogue with the thought that avoiding danger is a sufficient initial starting point for adaptation;

However, if the individual person may be sleeping or awake, dreaming or processing, loving or hating, then what can be done about the principles of immortality? What can be done if the individual has not achieved nirvana? What can be done if the individual does not have a secure contract, a safe passage to the consecrated life, the life promised by dreamers and priests? Then we must turn to some natural idiom of the immortal life, some bold information which expresses the principles of life within context;

One way to do this is as I did earlier, looking at opposite concepts which are already present; In doing so, I always combined two things which seemed like opposites;

(1)’Blindness to the wall, Patience with the clock, Sight within the maze, Impatience with immortality’

[the first phrase is justified by the idea that the wall is death, for otherwise time would be death; patience with the clock means that one must be impatient with immortality, and patience with the clock seems demanded by context; sight within the maze is an advantage that is the opposite of blindness to the wall; impatience with immortality may be a high-linguistic relevance of the value of immortal life, ala ‘vital nerve’]

I will now interpret each term in reverse, double-reversing every two sets of translations; This serves as an extended riddle; The result is the following, which I will record for interest; Ostensibly it solves some of the problems of seeking immortality in my context, if I accept the initial terms; As I learned, these sentences or fragments serve to contextualize specific rules, which bear on the highly specific character of life; This is in keeping with my original agenda; And if my agenda seems ignorant, then so too the mission will be simpler to learn for those who are unfamiliar with the method:

(2) Patience with immortality, Blindness to design, Impatience with time, Sight within the temple

(3) No effect upon architecture, Measurement of life, Created eyes, Game of changelessness

(4) Perfect change, Destroying ignorance, Death to travel, Unraveling game

(5) Capturing life, Immortal temple, Creating innocence, Imperfect time

(6) Flawless laws, Unmaking knowledge, Time’s kingdom, Tree of life

(7) Roots of judgment, Life’s temple, Common wisdom, Beautiful weather

(8) Moments of reckoning, Uncommon knowledge, Questioning death, Epiphanies

(9) Disease, Recklessness, Living, Unrepentant

(10) Permissions and machines, Death machines, Diabolical calculus, Punch cards

(11) Wise words, Simple stories, The immortal way, Objective coherency applications

(12) Incoherent evil, Life-time, Regret, Unimpeachable

(13) Admissions, Glory, Secrets, Geometry

(14) Science, Sentences, Moribund, Mistakes

(15) Eloquence, Vital Nerves, Nominal, Art

(16) Change, Prestige, Emptiness, Ribald

(17) Gusts, Ruined, Vocal, Reeds

(18) Occult, Good poets, Raffle, Ass

(19) Bust, Perihelion, Ass, Priests

At this point it does what I call “degenerating into realism”, in other words my specific context has figured too strongly, not in the choices of words, but in the cosmic judgment which prefigures their context; I suspect, however, that by the laws of America the goddess this isn’t a mistaken use of language, but instead a flagrant appearance of fairness, in someone’s attempt to justify the status quo; Clearly enough it comes down to other things, like the traditional school mandates: (1) knowing Latin, (2) knowing the poets, (3) not being late, (4) accepting one’s punishment; This gives some clue to the level of the folly; For these four school lessons each seem to embody someone’s desire to destroy the child;

If the lessons of schoolchildren are interpreted as the failure of mortality, two things can be interpreted, which may be called “God’s Excuses”: (1) History was not being futuristic, (2) Death is an errand with a beautiful wife;

Clearly to the aspiring immortal, these must not be attractive excuses; In a future article I will attempt to justify the defense for ordinary existence as a form of longevity, realizing that it has justice to respond to the fault of these earlier statements;

I have stated that those are the problems of immortality in a local context;

So concludes The Secret Principles of Immortality, Edition 7

Nathan is an author of a number of books, and encourages everyone to live a long, healthy life.

Ayurvedic Medicine – Benefits

Ayurvedic Medicine is an ancient system based medicine, which evolved among the Brahmin sages of ancient India. Ayurveda is from the roots “ayur” meaning life and “veda” meaning knowledge. Ancient Vedic texts indicate the system is the oldest being practiced prior to 4000 B.C. and some believe it is even 8000 years old. Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) are very similar being based on universal natural bi-polar concepts that matter and energy are one. There are several aspects of this system of medicine which distinguish it from other approaches to health care:

o The focus of Ayurveda is to integrate and balance the body, mind, and spirit, rather than focusing on individual symptoms. This is believed to help prevent illness and promote wellness by balancing the three subtle energies known as Doshas – individually they are Vatha, Pitta and Kapha.

o Ayurveda philosophy posits people, their health, and the universe are related. It is believed that health problems can result when these relationships are out of balance.

o Ayurveda, herbs, metals, massage, and other products and techniques are used with the intent of cleansing the body and restoring balance. Some of these products may be harmful when used on their own or when used with conventional medicines.

o Ayurveda recognizes the unique constitutional differences of all individuals and therefore recommends different regimens for different types of people. Although two people may appear to have the same outward symptoms, their energetic constitutions may be very different and therefore call for different remedies.

o Ayurveda is a complete medical system which recognizes that ultimately all intelligence and wisdom flows from one Absolute source (Paramatman). Health manifests by the grace of the Absolute acting through the laws of Nature (Prakriti). Ayurveda assists Nature by promoting harmony between the individual and Nature by living a life of balance according to her laws.

o Ayurveda describes three fundamental universal energies which regulate all natural processes on both the macrocosmic and microcosmic levels. That is, the same energies which produce effects in the various galaxies and star systems are operating at the level of the human physiology–in your own physiology. These three universal energies are known as the Tridosha.

o The ancient Ayurveda physicians realized the need for preserving the alliance of the mind and body and offers mankind tools for remembering and nurturing the subtler aspects of our humanity. Ayurveda seeks to heal the fragmentation and disorder of the mind-body complex and restore wholeness and harmony to all people.

Unlike Traditional Western Medicine, Ayurvedic Medicine is non-invasive and focuses on the individual’s needs and prevention versus treating symptoms as one-size-fits all. Taking OTC and presecription drugs for symptoms that might have a different source than someone else makes as much sense as buying a hat sized for someone else.

o Is your Liver receiving the Nutritional Support it Needs?

o Are you Taking the Right Antioxidants in the Right Quantities?

o Does Your Body Metabolize proteins effectively or poorly?

o Does Your Body Metabolize Fats or Carbohydrates effectively or poorly?

o Are Hidden Food Sensativities or Allergies Making you Ill?

During the last century, Ayurveda Medicine has completed a rebirth and continues to evolve its holistic approach to health in accordance with modern needs and scientific advances of the day.

Established in 1982 by Scott Gerson, M.D., PhD, who is the nation’s only medical doctor to hold degrees in both Ayurveda and allopathic medicine, the National Institute of Ayurvedic Medicine (NIAM) is recognized as the largest and most authentic resource of information on Ayurveda in the United States.

Ayurveda Medicine conceptualizes and practices eight major subspecialties of medicine in addition to numerous adjunctive specialties. The eight major subspecialties continue to be taught today include:

1. Internal Medicine (Kayachikitsa)

2. General Surgery (Shalya Tantra)

3. Otorhinolaryngology (Shalakya)

4. Pediatrics and Obstetric/Gynecology (Kaumarabhrtya)

5. Psychiatry (Bhutavidya)

6. Toxicology (Agada Tantra)

7. Nutrition, Detoxification and Rejuvenation (Rasayana Tantra)

8. Fertility and Virility (Vajikarana)

For every disease, there is information about: definition, etiology, prodrome, clinical symptoms, pathophysiology, prognosis, principles of treatment, medicines, diet, lifestyle recommendations, and even etymology. This approach is similar to modern western medicine and even more comprehensive.

Aromatherapy – Why Not Try It?

We always seem to be fighting in life. Fighting to juggle schedules, maintain balances and satisfy everyone. And as we are always in constant battle, we tend to neglect the wear and tear we place on our bodies and minds. We know better, don’t we?

If we didn’t, there’s always a new health guru or medicinal practitioner trying to sell the “next best thing.” This will give you more energy. That will make you lose weight fast. This will cure your ailments. That will curb your anxiety and give you peace of mind. But six months later, the class action lawsuits start rolling in. We even know the ads by heart:

“If you’ve taken Product X and have suffered from a heart attack, stroke or other serious illness, you may be entitled to compensation. Call us now for your free legal consultation and let’s take about your options today.”

With all these complications in modern medicine, why not consider more natural approaches to heal our bodies and minds?

Aromatherapy is an amazing option. It has been used since ancient times. In fact, Egyptians explain its benefits in the Ebers Papyrus (1600 B.C.), Hindus mention it in the Vedas (1500 B.C.), and Christians discussed it several times in the Bible. And, I’m sure, there haven’t been any legal proceedings against aromatherapy yet!

What is aromatherapy?

Before diving into the definition, let’s consider its etymology. The term ‘aromatherapy’ comes from the French word ‘aromatherapie’ which was derived from ‘aroma’ and ‘therapy.’ Both of these root words have Greek and Latin origins.

The exact origin of the Greek word ‘aroma’ is unknown; but it referred to “seasoning, spice, sweet spice, or sweet herb.” The Latin word ‘aroma’ from the Greek word first appeared during the early thirteenth century and meant “sweet odor.”

The Greek word ‘therapeuin’ referred to “treat medically, cure or attend to medically.” Its derivation ‘therapeia’ meaning “curing or healing” is the parent to the modern Latin ‘therapia,’ recorded around the late eighteenth century. This Latin word translated to “medical treatment of disease” and became what we know now as ‘therapy.’

With its etymology, we can hazard to say aromatherapy is the medical treatment of disease using sweet odors. And we would be correct for the most part. But let’s use a more formal definition.

Peridot Sterling Silver Jewelry Etymology Part IV – The Origins Of The Word Peridot

Peridot Etymology: The Origins Of Peridot

As discussed in the previous part in this series on Peridot’s etymology, the Septuagint’s ‘Topazion’ of 300 B.C. featured in the Second Temple’s breastplate, denotes what we call Peridot. However, it is very unlikely that Peridot was the ‘Pitdah’ gemstone of the First Temple’s breastplate originating from the Israelite Exodus of 1444 B.C. We can conclude this, as Peridot’s discovery took place around the same time as the Septuagint’s translation of the Hebrew Bible, under the reign of the Pharaoh Ptolemy II, circa 300 B.C. In addition, we know that the Septuagint’s misappropriation of ‘Topazion’ led to the misnomer of the 1611 ‘King James Version,’ denoting it as ‘Topaz’. But what of the word Peridot and its etymological roots, how did it receive its current moniker?

The origin of the word Peridot itself is unclear. However, one thing is sure, that the term was not in existence before the 1st Century A.D. at the time of Pliny: As he clearly refers to Peridot from the Island of Zabargad as ‘Topazion’. In fact this term was used to denote Peridot up until the fall of the Roman Empire.

During Pliny’s time it was not uncommon that gemstones received more than one name, and that unrelated gems share names in common: a modern example of this is Olivine and Chrysolite, both used to denote Peridot. Another generic appendage was ‘Paederos’ (Greek for: ‘Beautiful Youth’), or ‘Pederote,’ (Latin: pronounced Ped-or-oat): employed by Pliny to denote amethyst and opal. ‘Pederote,’ was also used by the Roman public at large to refer to good-looking gems.

Towards the end of the Roman Empire, Western Europe fell to the barbarians, but in the Near East Roman culture survived within the Byzantine Empire. Under the Byzantines, words and languages bequeathed by the previous Greek and Roman cultures were continued. Similarly art and culture prospered, especially the skills of the lapidaries. However, soon enough the East became the envy of the West, and under the pious concept of reuniting Christendom with the West, the crusades began. France, with its Templar Knights, was at the forefront of the eight crusades that took place between the 10th and the 12th Centuries A.D. During this time the Templar Knights amassed great wealth in precious metals, jewelry and gemstone’s: including Peridot. After returning to Europe with their newly acquired wealth, they bought position, titles and lands in the Anglo-Norman kingdom.

It was during the crusades that a perversion of the Roman word ‘Pederote’ resurfaced. It appeared in the French book ‘Les Lapidaires Français.’ written sometime between 1100 and 1250 A.D. The book outlined 60 gems giving their medicinal value, magical properties and moral significations: one of the featured gems was the ‘Pedoretés’ (pronounced Peh-door-ret). The ‘Lapidaire Français.’ was written specifically for the use of the educated Norman aristocracy who also occupied England at the time. The first recorded instance of this word in popular use by the aristocracy appears in a 11th Century message written by the French lord, Mont Cassin de Solinus, where he uses a word to describe a green gemstone: ‘Perodote’ (pronounced Peh-roh-doh).

However, comparing the earlier Roman ‘Pedoretés’ (Peh-doh-ret) with the French ‘Perodote’ (Peh-roh-doh) we can hear that there has been a reversal of the second and third syllable. In linguistics this is called ‘Metathesis': a phenomenon where two sounds appearing in particular order in one word, overtime will occur in the reverse order in the same word. French etymologists from the ‘Académie Français’ believe that this explains the shift in ‘Pederote.’

The excerpt below was taken from a later book ‘Lapidaire Des Pierres Gravées’ documenting the etymology of Peridot in France from the 13th Century onwards. It gives Peridot’s name during the 13th Century as ‘Peridol’ (pronounced Peh-rii-dole), and as ‘Peridon’ (pronounced Peh-rii-dohn) during the later 14th Century.

Peridon (Peridol) [Peridot gemstone, also called green-yellowish olivine. ‘A gem called peridon enclosed in gold.’ xx sols t, (invoice of the Duke of Berry, year 1416.)- viii ‘gemstones of which there were a grenas, a lopue, an ametiste and a peridol (invoice of the Duke of Anjou year 1360.] ”

As mentioned before, the Norman French occupied England during this period, and the aristocracy imposed their language upon their English subjects. This greatly influenced the development of the English language: causing Old French words to be assimilated into the Middle English language. However, Peridot wasn’t the only alias to be appropriated to the green gemstone from these sources.
Up until the 19th Century A.D. another Greek word was also used to denote Peridot and other gemstones similar in aspect: ‘Chrysolite’. This originally came from the Greek ‘Khrysolithos’, ‘Khryso’ meaning golden and ‘Lithos’ meaning stone. It transformed into ‘Chrysolithus’ in Latin, and ‘Crisolite’ in Old French, eventually becoming ‘Chrysolite’ in Middle English.

In 1112 A.D., including Chrysolite with a poem in tribute to Adam and Eve, the French poet Philippe de Thaon wrote: ‘Crisolite ure celeste, qui ourent out vie terrestre.’ Translated the passage reads: ‘Chrysolite the celestial happiness, which they had with the terrestrial life.’ However, there is no conclusive proof to indicate that he was talking of our Peridot, as Chrysolite was also used to describe the majority of all yellow to yellow-green transparent gemstones including: topaz, prehnite, apatite, sapphire, chrysoberyl, beryl, tourmaline, and andradite garnet. By today’s standards such an inaccurate, generic term is disused.

A similar term of equally broad connotations has also been appropriated to Peridot: Olivine. This originated from the Greek ‘Elaiw’ or ‘Elai’, transforming to the Latin ‘Olva’ and eventually to the French ‘Olivine’. In 17th Century France it was a jeweler’s term for a variety of their Chrysolite, today it is a term used to denote one of the most common mineral types on the Earth’s surface, a magnesium/iron silicate in which the ratio of magnesium and iron vary between the two mineral extremities: Forsterite (Mg2SiO4) and Fayalite (Fe2SiO4). Peridot is actually a rare sub-species of the Olivine group: Forsterite-Olivine. Forsterite, the mineralogical term used to denote the Olivine species Peridot, was named in honor of the German mineralogist J. R. Forster.

Read Peridot Sterling Silver Jewelry Etymology Part I – In the Beginning

Read Peridot Sterling Silver Jewelry Etymology Part II – The Pitdah In The First Temples Breastplate

Read Peridot Sterling Silver Jewelry Etymology Part III – The Topazion In The Second Temples Breastplate

An Overview of Folk Etymology in the English Language

Etymology is defined as ‘History of a word.’ A further derivative of this word is Folk Etymology. It means a foreign or unfamiliar word which is adapted to a more familiar form through usage in a language. Folk Etymology in English language is an ongoing process that is prevalent for the last 1000 years. In this process foreign words have been assimilated in the English language through popular usage.

English belongs to the Indo – European group of languages. It is widely spoken all over the world. It is a matter for research that a language spoken by a few Anglo Saxons has become the Lingua Franca of the world. One of the reasons for this is the assimilation of foreign words through the process of folk etymology. Since the time William the Conqueror landed in England in 1066, the language has been constantly adopting words from other languages. There is no estimate about how many words have been assimilated in the language; because many of the words added have lost their original meaning.

English as we know it today has developed over a thousand years to reach its present state as the main language of communication, research, trade and business all over the world. The process to reach this pre-eminent position commenced in the 10th century when the Anglo-Saxon language became pre-eminent in England. Prior to this the process, folk etymology had commenced with the assimilation of Celtic words in English.

The process of folk etymology accelerated with the domination of England all over the world. The wars in France saw more French words being adopted. Much before French words were added to the English, Greek and Latin were adopted. This was a process of folk etymology.

A big hand was played by the British Empire where the adage ‘The sun never sets on the British Empire‘ greatly added to assimilation of new words. The words in most cases were given a different spelling and also sometimes had a different meaning. A steady stream of words now flowed into the English language. As England expanded its frontiers, more and more words entered the vocabulary. English-speaking pioneers added new words to the language over a time. It is now acknowledged that over 120 languages have enriched the language as it exists today. There is no language in the world that can boast this sort of assimilation.

One of the reasons for the spread of English all over the globe is the resilience of the language. It readily allowed foreign words to be assimilated in it. When, the British colonized India, many words from local languages and dialects, like Hindi found their way into the language. Words like Guru, Kafir, Raja, Rani, Yogi Etc became part of folk etymology.

Illness And Soul Medicine

Today, we are just beginning to make inroads to understanding the intricate make-up of humanity. More than the single parts of body, mind, and spirit – or the total sum of the whole, it is the vast inter-relationship of these connected networks which baffles contemporary science.

While science based medicine has made strides in understanding and manipulating basic physical mechanics in health maintenance – it has yet to exceed the confines of its discipline to discover the core of wholeness, and the cause of illness.

On the other hand, many ancient and traditional indigenous societies have a different approach to illness intervention. They realize that wellness and sickness are not determined solely upon what they observe outwardly, but also by what they see and know inwardly. More emphasis is placed upon the state of the soul, and the connection of a person with the essence of nature – than just the state of one’s physiology.

Soul based medicine maintains that the state of the soul affects and impacts the overall health and well-being of a person, and that the physical often mirrors its condition. According to this point of view, just treating the physical is an incomplete approach to healing – like tending to a symptom without reaching the core.

Ancient and traditional healers, priests, priestesses, shamans, medicine men and women – spent a life time of training in being proficient in both the physical and non-physical aspects, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of illness, in order to maintain the harmony of members of the community.

We should require more of our health practitioners.

For instance, were you aware that the etymology (origin) of the term psychology means “study of the soul”, and of the term psychiatry means “healing of the soul”. Yet the disciplines as practiced respectively in contemporary society only “study” and “treat” human behavior, with little or no focus on the state of the soul. This is interesting, insomuch that the root word in both terms is Psyche… who was the Greek Goddess of The Soul.

There are too many people who have received partial care, and live marginal lives – because the core disharmony within has never been addressed and resolved.